Difference Between Alzheimer’s and Dementia

Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are two different conditions. Dementia is a term that is used to describe a group of symptoms that affect memory and cognitive function whereas Alzheimer’s is a disease that worsens overtime effecting memory, thought and language.

What Is Dementia
Dementia is a syndrome that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with declining cognitive memory and functioning. There is not a definitive diagnosis for Dementia rather the symptoms that affect reasoning and other cognitive functions.  These symptoms include impaired memory, impaired thinking, forgetfulness and memory loss. There are many different forms of Dementia with the most common being Alzheimer’s. Other forms of Dementia are Vascular Dementia, Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Mixed dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Frontotemporal dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Huntington’s disease and Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome.

What Is Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disease that makes up 60% to 80% of dementia cases. The symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s include depression, impaired judgement, confusion, disorientation, changes in behavior and difficulty remembering, speaking, swallowing and/or walking.

How Are They Different
Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a variety of declining memory issues whereas Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disease that slowly causes the impairment in memory and cognitive function. With Alzheimer’s disease unfortunately there is no cure for this disease but there are medications to help manage the effects of the disease. With Dementia there are treatment options that can help treat the many forms of Dementia.

Contact Peregrine’s Landing Senior Community to learn more about our Alzheimer’s care, memory care and Dementia care services in Buffalo, NY today!